Santa Costanza or Costantina (about 318 - Bithynia, 354), daughter of Constantine. Bust in terracotta, copy of the famous wooden bust made by Donatello known as "la Bella Fiorentina". Bust made between 1450 and 1475 (3rd quarter of the 15th century). The original (in poplar wood) is kept in the Louvre in room 160 in the Donatello Gallery.
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|Height||18.9 in||48 cm|
|Weight||30.86 lbs||14 Kg|
|Artist / Creator / Architect||Donatello (Firenze, 1386 – Firenze, 13 dicembre 1466)|
|Historical period||IV century a.C.|
|Museum where the Original is exhibited||Louvre Paris - room 160 in the Donatello Gallery|
|Museum cataloging number||RF7 89|
|Note 01||Sculpted in Florence between 1450 and 1475 (3rd quarter of the 15th century)|
|Note 02||Known in Florence as "La bella Fiorentina"|
This small terracotta bust portrays the Daughter of Constantine I, Constantina (c. 318 - Bithynia, 354) was a member of the Constantinian dynasty, which ruled over the Roman Empire in the first half of the 4th century. Constantina was the daughter of the Roman emperor Constantine the Great and of Fausta, in turn the daughter of Maximian. She was given the title of august by her father. She was the sister of the emperors Constantine II, Constantius II and Constant I, wife of the "king" Annibaliano and of Caesar Constantius Gallus. She is venerated as a saint, with the name of Constance. Donatello sculpted this bust in poplar wood between 1450 and 1475 (3rd quarter of the 15th century).
In Florence known as the bust of Santa Costanza called "the Beautiful Florentine".
Preserved at the Louvre Museum, Department of Sculptures of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the Modern Era, Room 160 - Donatello Gallery.
The mausoleum of Constantina, better known as the mausoleum of Santa Costanza, is a Catholic place of worship in Rome located in via Nomentana. It was built between 340 and 345, as his own mausoleum, by Constantina, daughter of Constantine I, close to the Constantinian basilica, near the tomb of Saint Agnes, of which Constantina was a devotee. Both Constantina and her sister Elena were buried there. The building was called "di Santa Costanza" when Constantina was venerated as a saint. The mausoleum, like the basilica (today in a state of ruin) to whose left side it was connected, was imperial property, and not ecclesiastical, and after being used as a baptistery of the basilica of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura, it became an autonomous church in 1254 at the behest of Pope Alexander IV.
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